COVID-19 Information

See the latest updates and information regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, including a list of University contact information at

Internet Sources

Internet Sources

This section includes all types of sources found on the internet that are not covered in other sections. If you are looking for books or journals found online please see the Books and Periodicals sections.

Websites are much trickier than the other sources listed. When using a website, you must always judge the reliability of the source. Is it by a respectable group or organization or is it owned by a random person? Is the address one you can trust, like .edu or .gov, or an unknown free website like Scholarly research isn't simply about finding some information from whatever websites that are out there, but finding reliable and verifiable information from trustworthy websites. Some key things to look for when judging a website's authority are:

  1. Does it have an author (or organization as author)?
  2. How credible is the author?
  3. Does it have a date of publication or update and is it recent?
  4. Is the site sponsored by a legitimate organization or agency?
  5. Is the sponsor organization generally considered to have bias?

Ultimately, use common sense and ask yourself, "Why should I trust this information?"

You want to try and find as much information as possible when using a page off a website: author, title of the page, title of website, group or organization sponsoring the website, and the date posted/updated. An organization can be the author. If you are missing the author, the title of the page will be the first thing listed. If you do not have a date, put (n.d.). If you have no sponsor put N.p.; the sponsor may be very similar to the website name, especially in online newspapers.

Not all websites will have all the desired information. Find as much as possible, but you can only work with what is there. If you are missing any information, move on to the next piece.

Author Last, First. "Title of the page." Title of Website. Sponsor, Date posted/updated. Medium. Date accessed.

  • A Website with an Author

Swartwout, Susan. "About the Press." Southeast Missouri State University Press. Southeast Missouri State U, n.d. Web. 10 June 2013.

  • A Website without an Author

"Laws & regulations." Environmental Protection Agency, 3 May 2013. Web. 4 June 2013.

  • Video Retrieved Online (YouTube)

Patrick Stewart Talks about Domestic Violence. Amnesty TV. 8 May 2007. YouTube. Web. 10 June 2013.

  • Blog

Gaiman, Neil. "Iain Blanks. With or without the M." Neil Gaiman's Journal. 9 June 2013. Web log. 10 June 2013.

  • Map Retrieved Online

"Cape Girardeau, Missouri." Map. Google Maps. Google, 5 June 2013.Web. 5 June 2013.

  • Online Encyclopedia

"Parks, Rosa." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Web. 5 June 2013.

  • Radio Broadcast Retrieved Online

"Hourly News Summary." National Public Radio. Natl. Public Radio, 20 July 2007. Web. 20 July 2007.

  • PDF File Retrieved Online

"How to Use Word to Format a Paper." Quick Reference Guide, Center for Writing Excellence. Southeast Missouri State U, n.d. PDF file. 5 June 2013.

  • Song or Sound Recording as an MP3 File

Fun. "Some Nights." Some Nights. Fueled by Ramen, 2012. MP3.

  • Film, Television, Visual Art, Photography Accessed Online
    Follow the same manner as non-web based sources for this. Medium will be replaced with: Database/Website accessed. Web. Date accessed.

Currin, John. Blond Angel. 2001. Indianapolis Museum of Art. IMA: It's my Art. Web. 9 May 2007.

  • Performance Retrieved Online
    Follow the same manner as non-web based sources for this. Medium will be replaced with: Database/Website accessed. Web. Date accessed.

Much Ado About Nothing. By William Shakespeare. Dir. Josie Rourke. Perf. David Tennant, and Catherine Tate. Wyndham Theatre, London. 1 June 2011. Digital Theatre. Web. 27 March 2013.

  • A Web Comic

Cham, Jorge. "Piled Higher and Deeper (PhD)." Comic strip. 25 May 2013 Web. 10 June 2013.

  • An E-Mail Message

Writer. "Title if any." Description including recipient. Date. Medium of Delivery (E-mail).


Memorial Hall 103
Center for Writing Excellence
One University Plaza, MS 4185
Cape Girardeau, Missouri 63701