Internet Sources

Internet Sources

Websites are much trickier than the other sources listed. When using a website, you must always judge the reliability of the source. Is it by a respectable group or organization or is it owned by a random person? Is the address one you can trust, like .edu or .gov, or an unknown free website like angelfire.com? Scholarly research isn’t simply about finding some information from whatever websites out there, but finding reliable and verifiable information from trustworthy websites. Some key things to look for when judging a website’s authority are

  1. does it have an author (or organization as author),
  2. how credible is the author,
  3. does it have a date of publication or update and is it recent,
  4. is the site sponsored by a legitimate organization or agency, and
  5. is the sponsor organization generally considered to have bias.

Ultimately, use common sense and ask yourself, “Why should I trust this information?”

You want to try and find as much information as possible when using a page off a website. You want to try and get author (if any), title or description of the page, owner or sponsor of the website, URL, and the date posted/updated. If there is no date or update listed, provide the access date. An organization can be an author. Find as much as possible, but you can only work with what is there. If you are missing any information, move on to the next piece.

The way this is listed depends a lot on what information you have. In the Date section, if you have a modified date, you would list it as last modified July 12, 2011; whereas, if you have no date or post or modified date, you would list it as accessed August 3, 2013.

Author Last, First. “Title of the page.” Title of Website/Sponsor. Date posted/updated. URL.

For materials such as video or audio files found online, see Multimedia. For online or electronic books, see Books. For journal articles found online, see Periodicals.

Listed below are both the foot/endnote and the bibliography entry, in that order. Foot/endnotes receive a first line (one tab or .5" indent, which should be automatic in Word), and the bibliography receives a hanging indent. Be sure you are looking at the correct one.

  • Website

Laws & Regulations,” epa.gov, last modified May 3, 2013, http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations.

Author Last, First. “Title of the page.” Title of Website/Sponsor. Date posted/updated. URL.

Environmental Protection Agency. “Laws & Regulations.” EPA.gov. Last modified May 3, 2013. http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations.

  • Facebook Post
    Generally in academic writing you do not want to use a Facebook post as a source unless it is a valid group or author’s posting and the information is important to your research.

Center for Faulkner Studies at Southeast Missouri State University’s Facebook page, accessed July 19, 2013, http://www.facebook.com/pages/ Center-for-Faulkner-Studies-at-Southeast-Missouri-State-University/113034032064019.

Center for Faulkner Studies at Southeast Missouri State University’s Facebook page. Accessed July 19, 2013. http://www.facebook.com/pages/ Center-for-Faulkner-Studies-at-Southeast-Missouri-State-University/113034032064019.

  • Blog Post
    If the word blog is a part of the title, you do not need to put (blog) behind it.Blog entries can be used only in foot/endnotes. If the blog is cited several times, you can include the blog itself in your bibliography.

Joshua de Vries, “A Procrastinating Post about Grading Fragrances,” The Mind of an English Major (blog), October 13, 2012, http://tmoaem.blogspot.com/2012/10/a-procrastinatory-post-about-grading.html

de Vries, Joshua. The Mind of an English Major (blog). October 13, 2012. http://tmoaem.blogspot.com/2012/10/a-procrastinatory-post-about-grading.html

  • Comment on a Blog Post
    If the author is only known by a screen name, use that in place of the author name.Blog entries can be used only in foot/endnotes. If the blog is cited several times, you can include the blog itself in your bibliography.

Shana Scott, July 17, 2013, comment on Joshua de Vries, “A Procrastinating Post about Grading Fragrances,” The Mind of an English Major (blog), October 13, 2012, http://tmoaem.blogspot.com/2012/10/a-procrastinatory-post-about-grading.html

de Vries, Joshua. The Mind of an English Major (blog). October 13, 2012. http://tmoaem.blogspot.com/2012/10/a-procrastinatory-post-about-grading.html

  • Video Post
    If the person posting the video is different from the creator, change posted to posted by include the poster’s name followed by a comma and the post date.

Tyler Moore, “Understanding Wordpress Plugins,” YouTube video, 4:56, posted December 5, 2012, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07rqFm0MRO0.

Moore, Tyler. “Understanding Wordpress Plugins.” YouTube video, 4:56. Posted December 5, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=

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