Medical/Other Emergency

If an injury or illness occurs, immediately call 911. Describe the nature and severity of the medical problems and the location of the victim.

The Department of Public Safety will initiate First Responders and respond to the incident.


 Remember to:

  • Keep victim still and comfortable. DO NOT MOVE THE VICTIM.
  • Ask victim, “Are you okay?” and “What is wrong?”
  • Check breathing and airway. Give rescue breathing if necessary and capable.
  • Control serious bleeding by direct pressure on the wound.
  • Continue to assist the victim until help arrives.
  • Look for emergency medical I.D., question witnesses, and give all information to the Department of Public Safety. Professional medical care should be sought after first aid is given.
  • Remain on scene until first responders arrive.

Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation

Poisoning and Overdose

  • Determine what substance is involved and how it was taken.
  • Stay with the victim and assist as necessary.
  • If choking, lower the victim’s head, and keep their airway clear.

Fainting and Unconsciousness

  • Have the victim lie or sit down and rest.
  • Keep the victim comfortable, not hot or cold.
  • Ask or look for emergency medical alert bracelet.
  • Treat other injuries as necessary.
  • Check to see if the victim is breathing, and ensure airway is clear.

Burns, Thermal and Chemical

  • Flood chemical burns with cool water.
  • Cover the burn with dry bandage.
  • Keep the victim quiet and comfortable.

Severe Bleeding and Wounds

  • Apply direct pressure on the wound.
  • Use a clean cloth or hand.
  • Elevate the injured body part.
  • Apply pressure to the artery, if necessary.
  • Add more cloth if blood soaks through. DO NOT remove cloth from the wound.
  • Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives.


Use the Heimlich maneuver

  • From behind, wrap your arms around victim’s waist.
  • Make a fist and place the thumb side of your fist against victim’s upper abdomen, below the ribcage, and just above the navel.
  • Grasp your fist with your other hand and press into victim’s abdomen with a quick, upward pressure. Do not squeeze the ribcage; confine the force of the thrust to your hands.
  • Repeat until object is expelled.

If the victim is unconscious:

  • Place victim on back.
  • Kneel astride victim’s hips, facing the victim.
  • With one of your hands on top of the other, place the heel of your bottom hand on the abdomen, below the rib cage and just above the navel.
  • Use your body weight to press into the victim’s abdomen with a quick, upward pressure.
  • Repeat until object is expelled.

Heart Attack

  • Give CPR as necessary, only if you are trained to do so.
    - Information for CPR training can be found on the Red Cross website
  • Keep the victim comfortable, not hot or cold.
  • Ask or look for emergency medical alert bracelet.

Fractures and Sprains

  • Keep the injured area immobile until first responders arrive.


  • Keep victim flat. (This places less demand on the body than sitting or standing.) If victim is vomiting, turn the head to one side so the vomit will go outside of the patient’s mouth.
  • If there are no head or chest injuries or any difficulty in breathing, then raise the lower part of the body 8-12 inches. If the victim complains of pain because of this, discontinue.
  • Loosen any tight clothing, particularly about the neck.
  • Keep the victim warm (to prevent loss of body heat) but avoid sweating.
  • Speak soothingly and reassuringly. Create a feeling of confidence in recovery. Speak calmly. Do not cause unnecessary questioning, movement, or noise.
  • Do not give water if the victim is unconscious or nauseated. Do not give water if medical care will arrive within 30 minutes. If medical care will be delayed longer than 30 min, then give only small sips and not enough to cause nausea. Do not give any alcohol.



(573) 651-2215

1401 N. Sprigg Cape Girardeau
Cape Girardeau, Missouri 63701